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The Bibliotheca Alexandrina celebrates the International Day of the Arabic Language


Bibliotheca Alexandrina

The Bibliotheca Alexandrina is preparing to celebrate the International Arabic Language Day, next Sunday, by organizing a workshop entitled "Common Linguistic Errors in Writing in Arabic."

statement issued by the Bibliotheca Alexandrina today, Wednesday, stated that the workshop is organized within the framework of celebrating the International Day of the Arabic Language, which is known as one of the pillars of the cultural diversity of humanity, in addition to being one of the oldest Semitic languages.

The library statement added that the Arabic language is one of the most widely used languages in the world, spoken by more than 467 million people and its speakers are distributed in the Arab world region, in addition to many other neighboring regions, and it is among the four most widely used languages on the Internet, as well as the most widespread and growing, outperforming other languages. French and Russian.

He pointed out that the workshop comes in light of the interest of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina in the Arabic language and an affirmation of its topping the list of the library's interests. It aims to highlight the great contributions made by the Arabic language to human civilization, especially through its unique arts, architecture, literature, and calligraphy. It is a channel for guiding knowledge in science, astronomy, medicine, philosophy, history, mathematics and other sciences.

New Alexandria Library

The Library of Alexandria is a revival of the ancient Library of Alexandria, the largest library of its time, in a huge project undertaken by Egypt in partnership with the United Nations, where the library was rebuilt in a location close to the old library in the Shatby area of the city. The modern library was inaugurated on October 16, 2002 with an international presence.

The fourth largest Francophone library in the world

France, in the largest cultural deal in the history of libraries, presented a gift amounting to half a million books in the French language on several different subjects (sciences - literature - history - geography - anthropology) to the Bibliotheca Alexandrina. As a result of this gift, the Library of Alexandria will be the second Francophone library in the world, after the New York Library, in the richness of its collections in French, after the French National Library, the Geneva Library, the Lyon Library in France, and the Laval Library in Canada. The Library of Alexandria is superior in its French holdings to the University of Montreal in Canada, which contains 534,000 books, the Library of Congress, which contains 433,000 books, the Harvard Library, which contains 509,000 books, the University of Ottawa in Canada, which contains 296,000 books, and the Canadian National Library, which contains 365 A thousand books and the French National Library, which contains 305 thousand books. Also, the Library of Alexandria, with this dedication, will be the main library for French writers for the Middle East and the African continent

Alexandria Library Museums

 Archaeological Museum Antiquities museum inside a library. The museum's collection includes different eras of Egyptian civilization, starting from the Pharaonic era until the Islamic era, passing through the Greek civilization that came to Egypt with Alexander's invasion. The Museum of Antiquities of the Library of Alexandria is the first of the largest, which was followed by the Roman civilization and then the Coptic before the entry of Islam to Egypt. The collection contains about 1,079 pieces.

Manuscript Museum  

The Manuscript Museum is one of the academic centers attached to the Library of Alexandria. This museum was established by Presidential Decree No. (269) of 2002. Many manuscripts were brought from the Alexandria Municipal Library.

The museum is divided into the following sections

Rare vessels section

What is meant by rare containers are the valuables held in the Library of Alexandria, namely: original manuscripts, rare books, maps, old coins, personal belongings of famous people, precious gifts presented to the library, documents, and so on.

Microfilm Department

The content of the department has been enriched with rare collections of manuscripts and documents (about thirty thousand manuscripts and fifty thousand documents).

Museum display section

This section consists of the museum exhibition hall, which is located on level B1 in the heart of the Library of Alexandria, and displays valuable manuscripts, rare books, and other rare library holdings.

Science History Museum

The museum displays the development of science in Egypt over three successive historical periods that make up the main sections of the museum: the Pharaonic section, the Greek section, and the Arabic and Islamic sciences section.


The Planetarium Science Center consists of the Planetarium and the Museum of the History of Science which is located inside the inverted pyramid below the Planetarium. The museum was designed as a tribute to the scientists whose work contributed to the dissemination of scientific knowledge. The center also includes an exploration hall located next to the planetarium, where visitors can interact with exhibitions dealing with various scientific topics, especially in physics and astronomy.

The Planetarium Science Center aims to spread scientific culture, exhibitions and workshops are available to visitors regardless of age and scientific background, thus promoting the concept of science centers being educational tools.

Hall of explorations and scientific exhibitions for children

The Exploration Hall is an educational center that contains a set of scientific tools with the aim of highlighting the role of modern technologies in developing human capabilities. This is done by conducting some scientific experiments through which the basic laws of physics and astronomy are applied. The Discovery Room focuses on two primary areas: astronomy and nature, with the potential to introduce organic chemistry and the nature of matter. The main objective behind the establishment of the Hall of Explorations in the Bibliotheca Alexandrina is to lay the foundation for a new generation of explorers and innovators capable of facing contemporary scientific challenges.

Nine shows

Nine permanent exhibitions: (1) Alexandria Through the Ages (Mohamed Awad Collection), (2) The World of Shadi Abdel Salam, (3) Masterpieces of Arabic Calligraphy, (4) History of Printing, (5) The Artist's Book, (6) Astronomical and Scientific Instruments at The Arabs in the Middle Ages, (7) Muhyiddin Hussein: A Creative Journey; (8) The works of the artist Abd al-Salam Eid, (9) The Tiger Care Group and Abd al-Ghani Abul-Enein.

Conference center

The conference center attached to the Bibliotheca Alexandrina is considered one of the most modern architecture in terms of meeting and exhibition halls.

One of the distinguishing features of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina Conference Center is that it was initially designed as a center for international conferences. Providing comprehensive and diverse services, the center takes care of the requirements of high-cultural conferences and is suitable for seminars, meetings and educational courses.

Seven specialized research centers

- manuscripts

- Cultural and Natural Heritage Documentation Center

- Fonts and writing

- Informatics sciences

- Alexandrian and Mediterranean Studies

- Arts

- Scientific research

- Dialogue forum

Digital asset repository

The digital asset repository is an institutional repository system for preserving and viewing the digital content of the library, which enables its visitors to view its contents, and also allows it to be displayed to visitors through a subdomain of the library's website on the Internet.

This system was developed by the International Institute for Informatics Studies affiliated to the library, based on advanced standards and a flexible design of the system structure, which facilitates the possibility of integration and embedding with other systems, and also provides the necessary tools to facilitate the process of creating, managing and sharing its contents, as well as dealing with a different set of media and digital resources.

The system provides visitors to the warehouse website with the ability to view the digitized books in two ways: the first is to browse the content of all pages of books whose intellectual property rights have been forfeited, that is, they have become public property; The second is that it allows visitors to browse (5%) of the content of any book - a maximum of ten pages - for books with valid intellectual property rights, and in this case they can be viewed in full by visiting the library itself. The site also enables its visitors to view these digital books in different ways, while providing other tools such as: searching, writing notes, evaluating and commenting on books, in addition to links to share these books on social networks, or creating a virtual shelf for the visitor’s favorite books, after completing his login. for the site.

Visitors can deal with the content through a user interface that enables them to browse the site in three languages: Arabic, English and French, bearing in mind that it provides its visitors with more than one hundred thousand (100,000) digitized books in Arabic on the Internet.

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